Zoning laws allow a municipality to control and optimize the use of its land. Unregulated development has been known to result in unacceptable living conditions.

Single use:

(1) residential (single family, high-density)

(2) commercial

(3) spatial

(4) industrial (with subcategories heavy, light and warehouse)


Mixed use or combination zoning allows multiple uses, such as residential and commercial (grocery store, etc).


Less often:

(1) agricultural

(2) rural

(3) historic

(4) aesthetic

(5) form-based

(6) conditional (special use permits, may overlap with mixed use zoning)


Each zone may have other constraints in addition to usage including:

(1) size of plots

(2) population density

(3) building height

(4) setbacks

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