A patient with multiple sclerosis may have a number of visual complaints which may change or progress over time. This eventually can result in visual disabilities.

Pathogenesis of vision problems:

(1) optic neuritis

(2) ocular myositis

(3) intracerebral inflammation affecting the visual pathways in the brain


Clinical findings may include:

(1) blurry vision

(2) difficulty in perceiving contrasts

(3) difficulty in perceiving colors

(4) partial or complete loss of vision

(5) blind spots (scotomas)

(6) problems tracking an object

(7) nystagmus

(8) diplopia

(9) oscillopsia

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