Miyajima et al developed an equation called the Vertical Indicator (VI) to help distinguish those patients with a Class III malocclusion who have an anterior deep overbite from those with an open bite. The equation was developed in Japanese women, but the same concept can be used to develop similar equations for other populations. The chief author is from Aichi-Gakuin University in Nagoya, Japan.

To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.