Valerian root is prepared from Valeriana officinalis which is a perennial flowering plant.


Extracts contain alkaloids (actinidine, valerine, chatinine, others), acids (valeric, formic, malic), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), tannin and resin.


The preparation has been used to treat anxiety, sedation, muscle relaxant and insomnia.


Adverse effects:

(1) headache

(2) drowsiness

(3) dry mouth

(4) gastrointestinal upset

(5) signs of liver damage


Sudden discontinuation after prolonged use may be associated with a withdrawal reaction.

(1) delirium

(2) cardiac arrhythmias

(3) vivid dreams

(4) excitability and/or insomnia


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.