Valerian root is prepared from Valeriana officinalis which is a perennial flowering plant.
Extracts contain alkaloids (actinidine, valerine, chatinine, others), acids (valeric, formic, malic), gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), tannin and resin.
The preparation has been used to treat anxiety, sedation, muscle relaxant and insomnia.
(3) dry mouth
(4) gastrointestinal upset
(5) signs of liver damage
Sudden discontinuation after prolonged use may be associated with a withdrawal reaction.
(2) cardiac arrhythmias
(3) vivid dreams
(4) excitability and/or insomnia
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Specialty: Pharmacology, clinical