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Urine Albumin-to-Creatinine Ratio

Purpose:

To describe proteinuria in a patient using the urine albumin to urine creatinine ratio.

Specialty:

Nephrology, Urology, Obstetrics & Gynecology, Pedatrics, Genetics
Clinical Laboratory

Objective:

laboratory tests

ICD-10:

N39.1

Description:

In diabetes, involvement of the kidney can result in persistent proteinuria (Kimmelstein-Wilson Syndrome, Diabetic Intercapillary Glomerulosclerosis). Microalbuminuria is proteinuria that is above normal but which is below the level detected by urine dipsticks. Diabetic patients with microalbuminuria tend to have progression of their disease with cardiovascular and end-stage renal complications.

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