Salpingitis and other disorders of the fallopian tube can result in infertility by preventing egg fertilization and/or movement of the fertilized egg to the endometrium.


Patient selection: female with infertility or subfertility


Causes of infertility associated with a disorder of the fallopian tube:

(1) Chlamydia trachomatis, which can cause symptomatic salpingiits, asymptomatic salpingitis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

(2) Neisseria gonorrhoeae

(3) other causes of pelvic inflammatory disease

(4) postoperative or surgical adhesions

(5) urogenital schistosomiasis


Clinical findings may include:

(1) chronic pelvic pain

(2) paratubal adhesions with or without pelvic adhesions

(3) hydrosalpinx

(4) pyosalpinx

(5) ectopic pregnancy


Distortion, damage to and/or luminal occlusion of the tubes can be demonstrated on imaging studies (hysterosalpingography, hystersonography, other).


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