Macroglossia secondary to lingual hematoma may occur after traumatic injury.


Risk factors for development of a lingual hematoma:

(1) generalized seizures with dental trauma to the tongue

(2) gunshot wound to the lower face

(3) fracture of the mandibular symphysis

(4) traumatic laceration to the tongue

(5) blunt trauma to the tongue in a patient receiving anticoagulants


Complications of massive macroglossia:

(1) additional dental trauma to the tongue

(2) airway obstruction

(3) infection


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