The Thoracic Endometriosis Syndrome (TES) is a rare syndrome with foci of endometriosis within the thorax.

Patient selection: woman during reproductive years


Clinical features:

(1) catamenial pneumothorax

(2) catamenial hemothorax

(3) hemoptysis

(4) variable lung nodules


A key feature for diagnosis is recognition of the correlation between symptoms and menstruation.


The diagnosis requires:

(1) demonstration of endometriosis

(2) exclusion of alternative diagnoses (tuberculosis, neoplasm, etc)

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