Taurodontism ("bull tooth") is an alteration in molar formation resulting in an appearance similar to that seen in cud-chewing animals. It has been identified in the teeth of Neanderthals.
The process may affect both decidual and permanent molars. It may be unilateral or bilateral.
(1) enlargement of the body and pulp chamber
(2) proportionate decrease in root length
One possible reference measure is the distance along a line drawn from the pulpal floor perpendicular to a line connecting the root tips.
Decrease in Distance Between the Root Tips and Pulpal Floor
33 to 66%
(1) as an isolated trait
(2) in conjunction with cleft lip/palate
(3) in conjunction with a specific hereditary syndrome
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Specialty: Otolaryngology, Genetics