A number of symptoms may be associated with Whiplash Associated Disorder (WAD).

Patient selection: whiplash injury



(1) headaches

(2) abnormal/tingling sensation

(3) dizziness

(4) tinnitus

(5) problems with vision

(6) memory/concentration problems

(7) neck pain

(8) back pain

(9) arm pain

(10) shoulder pain



• The presence of 6 or more symptoms has an odds ratio of 2.9 for persistent neck pain.

• The patient should be examined for neurological signs and symptoms as well as for palpable tenderness.

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