Trauma to the larynx can be life-threatening. Any injury to the larynx should be carefully evaluated with attention to maintaining the airway. Transport to the hospital and surgery may be necessary.

Injuries are usually blunt but can be penetrating.


Clinical signs and symptoms:

(1) hoarseness

(2) dyspnea

(3) hemoptysis

(4) dysphonia

(5) respiratory distress

(6) stridor

(7) anterior neck tenderness

(8) subcutaneous emphysema

(9) loss of normal anatomical landmarks



(1) respiratory compromise

(2) damage to the esophagus

(3) loss of voice

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