Bhatia et al classified shoulder pain in weight lifters based upon its anatomic location. This can help to narrow the cause and aid in diagnosis. The authors are from Cape Shoulder Institute in Cape Town, South Africa.

Pain Location

Possible Causes

medial juxta-coracoid

tendinopathy of the insertion of the pectoralis minor muscle

lateral juxta-coracoid

subcoracoid impingement

lateral to the coracoid

biceps tendinopathy

rotator cuff tear

rotator cuff tendinopathy

pectoralis major tear

pectoralis major tendinopathy

top of the shoulder (over the acromioclavicular joint)

acromioclavicular joint arthritis

osteolysis of the distal clavicle


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