Surgical needles come in a variety of geometric shapes that are suited for the needs of tissue closure.


Basic shapes:

(1) straight

(2) J-shaped

(3) circular arc

(4) compound curve

(5) 1/2 curved (mixed straight with curved end, resembling a hockey stick)


Circular Arc


90 degrees

1/4 circle

135 degrees

3/8 circle

180 degrees

1/2 circle

225 degrees

5/8 circle


Needles come in a range of sizes. Delicate operations (coronary arteries, ocular) use small needles while closure of thick fascia may involve large needels, with most in-between.


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