Inouye et al used some simple questions to screen patients for their level of social support. The authors are from Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.
(1) number of significant social contacts (close relatives and friends) seen at least once a month
(2) Does the patient have a confidante?
(3) Does the patient have social contacts who provide emotional support?
(4) Does the patient have social contacts who provide instrumental support?
The responses for items 2, 3 and 4:
total number of support types =
= SUM(points for items 2, 3 and 4)
• The presence of <= 6 significant social contacts indicates a low number of contacts.
• The presence of <=1 support types indicates few social supports.
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