The risk for pre-eclampsia may be increased if certain risk factors are present.


Risk factors for the development of pre-eclampsia include:

(1) maternal age > 40 years of age

(2) African American

(3) nulliparity

(4) history of preeclampsia or eclampsia in a previous pregnancy

(5) history of hypertension prior to pregnancy

(6) history of diabetes or renal disease

(7) family history of pregnancy-induced hypertension

(8) presence of 2 or more fetuses

(9) obesity


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