Petrigliano et al identified risk factors for short-term complications following surgical fixation of a proximal humeral fracture. A patient at increased risk for short-term complications may be a candidate for non-operative management. The authors are from the University of California at Los Angeles.


Patient selection: surgical fixation of proximal humeral fracture (CRIF, ORIF, IF)


Outcome: complications within 90 days of surgery


Risk factors for short-term complications include:

(1) age >= 65 years of age

(2) male gender

(3) residence in a community with income below 40% in the income distribution (lowest 2 quintiles)

(4) higher Charlson comorbidity index


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