Kim et al identified risk factors for the development of a compartment syndrome following traumatic injury to a brachial artery. The authors are from Baylor and Northwestern Universities.


Patient selection: trauma to a brachial artery


Risk factors for a compartment syndrome identified by multivariate analysis:

(1) combined arterial injury (injuries to multiple arteries in the arm , odds ratio 5.8)

(2) open fracture (odds ratio 2.8)

(3) large amount of intra-operative blood loss (odds ratio 1.12 per 100 mL)


Additional risk factors:

(1) combined nerve injuries

(2) motor deficits


Failure to recognize and to treat a compartment syndrome can lead to functional deficits that may be permanent.


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.