Brimacombe and Berry listed the risk factors associated with an increased risk of mortality following rupture of an abdominal aortic aneurysm.



(1) pre-existing conditions

(2) acute findings after rupture


Pre-existing findings:

(1) increasing age

(2) female gender

(3) ischemic heart disease

(4) COPD

(5) renal failure

(6) hypertension


Acute findings:

(1) hypotension and shock

(2) low hematocrit (severe hemorrhage)

(3) massive blood transfusion (severe hemorrhage)

(4) myocardial impairment

(5) cardiac arrest

(6) low urine output

(7) delay in diagnosis

(8) prolonged surgery

(9) inadequate experience on the part of the surgeon


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