Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) may occur if certain risk factors are present. Management often involves control of the patient's predisposing factors.


Risk factors for RVO:

(1) older age (>= 50 years)

(2) hypertension

(3) hyperlipidemia

(4) diabetes mellitus

(5) renal disease

(6) glaucoma

(7) thrombophilia (Factor V Leiden, antiphospholipid antibody, hyperhomocysteinemia, oral contraceptives, etc)

(8) optic disc vasculitis, including polyarteritis nodosa, Wegener's granulomatosis, Goodpasture's disease, etc

(9) other autoimmune disorders (sarcoidosis, Behcet's disease)

(10) multiple myelomas and Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia

(11) myeloproliferative disorders

(12) other causes of polycythemia

(13) hemoglobinopathy


Several of these risk factors are associated with an increased risk for atherosclerotic heart disease.


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