An infant may be at increased risk for nutritional rickets if certain risk factors are present.


Risk factors for nutritional rickets in an infant:

(1) insufficient maternal calcium or vitamin D intake during the pregnancy

(2) exclusive breast-feeding

(3) insufficient calcium and vitamin D intake (lack of supplements)

(4) very low sunlight exposure (as in polar latitudes) or dark colored skin

(5) gastrointestinal disease preventing absorption of calcium, phosphate and/or vitamin D

(6) prematurity


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