The presence of certain risk factors may increase the risk of intra-abdominal infection associated with hepatic trauma.


Patient status:

(1) shock on admission


Liver injury:

(1) major trauma to the liver


Injury of other organs:

(1) injury to the colon

(2) > 3 abdominal organs injured

(3) splenectomy

(4) gunshot wounds



(1) blood transfusion

(2) open drainage of the abdomen

(3) use of liver packs


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