Certain factors can increase the risk for suffocation of a small child during sleep.


Bed-sharing with a parent or caregiver who is:

(1) obese

(2) intoxicated


Bed-related factors:

(1) soft pillows or other bedding (unsafe sleep surfaces) that can cover the head and face

(2) entrapment of the head (sleep positioner, bed siding, etc)



(1) sleeping prone

(2) with respiratory compromise


To avoid suffocation an infant should sleep supine on a a firm sleep surface with minimal risk of head covering or head entrapment.


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