A number of conditions may predispose a patient to or precipitate an episode of hypoxic liver injury.
Risk factors for hypoxic liver injury:
(1) hypoperfusion of the liver due shock (hemorrhagic, septic, cardiac, other)
(2) hypoperfusion of the liver due to obstruction of portal vein, hepatic vein and/or hepatic artery
(3) hypoxemia secondary to profound anemia, chronic lung disease or carbon monoxide poisoning
(4) heat stroke
(5) cocaine abuse or ergotamine poisoning
(6) cardiac disease with severe right-sided heart failure and/or low cardiac output, including bacterial endocarditis and cardiac arrhythmias
(8) sickle cell anemia
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Purpose: To evaluate a patient for risk factors associated with hypoxic liver injury.
Specialty: Gastroenterology, Emergency Medicine, Critical Care
Objective: risk factors