Pediatric-aged pitchers are more likely to develop elbow pain if certain risk factors are present. These factors can help identify players who may benefit from preventive care.


Factors associated with a increased risk of elbow pain:

(1) overuse ( >= 600 pitches per season, play in recreational league as well as formal league)

(2) older age (>= 11 years of age)

(3) poor satisfaction with pitching performance

(4) weight lifting

(5) arm stiffness in the previous game

(6) arm fatigue while pitching

(7) weight > 86 pounds (this may reflect a greater age)

(8) poor biomechanical throwing technique

(9) throwing sliders before age 16

(10) throwing split finger pitches


Factors associated with a decreased risk of elbow pain:

(1) throwing 300-599 pitches per season

(2) throwing change up pitches

(3) observing pitching and rest limits between games

(4) learning proper throwing techniques


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.