A woman who has had a cesarean section may develop a surgical site infection (SSI) afterwards.

Risk factors for surgical site infection:

(1) obesity

(2) emergency cesarean section with poor skin cleaning

(3) subcutaneous hematoma formation

(4) failure to provide perioperative prophylaxis with an appropriate antibiotic

(5) use of staples for skin closure

(6) prolonged surgical time

(7) prolonged time between membrane rupture and delivery


Additional factors that may contribute:

(1) poor personal hygiene

(2) elevated temperature in the delivery suite

(3) limited prenatal care

(4) performance on a university teaching service

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