Atrial flutter is found more frequently in patients with certain risk factors, although it may rarely occur without apparent predisposing cause (idiopathic).


Risk factors for atrial flutter:

(1) gender

(2) age

(3) heart failure

(4) chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

(5) diabetes mellitus

(6) other factors


Risk Factor



atrial flutter is 2.5 times more common in men than women


increases with age in the elderly

heart failure




diabetes mellitus

Granada found this a weak predictor for men, while Vidaillet found it a predictor for women

other factors

familial cardiomyopathy, thyrotoxicosis, after cardiac surgery, digitalis toxicity


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.