A patient infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may have risk factors for atrial fibrillation.

Patient selection: HIV-positive


Risk factors related to HIV:

(1) low CD4+ count (less than 200 per microliter according to Hsu et al; less than 250 according to Elnahar et al)

(2) higher viral load (low if < 500 copies/mL; high if > 100,000 copies per mL)


Risk factors shared with the general population:

(1) older age (greatest when >= 65 years; lowest when < 35)

(2) race White

(3) coronary artery disease

(4) congestive heart failure

(5) alcoholism

(6) proteinuria and/or reduced kidney function

(7) hypothyroidism

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