Anemia may develop in a an HIV-infected patient for a number of reasons. Its presence is associated with decreases in quality of life and survival.


Risk factors for anemia - history of:

(1) clinical AIDS

(2) fever

(3) bacterial pneumonia

(4) oral candidiasis


Risk factors for anemia - physical findings:

(1) female

(2) Black race

(3) increasing age

(4) lower body mass index


Risk factors for anemia - laboratory findings:

(1) CD4-positive lymphocyte count < 200 per µL

(2) high plasma viral load


Risk factors for anemia - therapy related:

(1) zidovudine use


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