Anemia may develop in a an HIV-infected patient for a number of reasons. Its presence is associated with decreases in quality of life and survival.
Risk factors for anemia - history of:
(1) clinical AIDS
(3) bacterial pneumonia
(4) oral candidiasis
Risk factors for anemia - physical findings:
(2) Black race
(3) increasing age
(4) lower body mass index
Risk factors for anemia - laboratory findings:
(1) CD4-positive lymphocyte count < 200 per µL
(2) high plasma viral load
Risk factors for anemia - therapy related:
(1) zidovudine use
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Specialty: Hematology Oncology, Clinical Laboratory, Infectious Diseases