The Cholesterol Emboli Syndrome results as a consequence of release of atherosclerotic plaque material into the general circulation. A patient is at risk if she or he has a disorder favoring atherosclerotic plaque development and/or has an intervention resulting in dislodgment of plaque material.


Risk factors that favor atherosclerotic deposits:

(1) diabetes mellitus

(2) hypertension

(3) cigarette smoking

(4) aortic aneurysms


Precipitating events that allow dislodgement of atherosclerotic debris:

(1) angiography

(2) anticoagulation

(3) thrombolysis

(4) vascular surgery


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