The intake of calories and carbohydrates can be significantly reduced by using a sweetening agent as an alternative to dextrose or fructose.
Non-nutritive sweeteners include:
(1) acesulfame potassium
Reduced-calorie sweeteners include the polyols (sugar alcohols):
(9) hydrogenated starch hydrolysates
A large intake of polyols can result in an osmotic load, which can lead to diarrhea.
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