The risk that a person will commit suicide is reduced when certain factors are present.

Factors protective against suicide:

(1) life satisfaction

(2) spirituality

(3) sense of responsibility to family

(4) children in the home

(5) reality testing ability

(6) positive social support

(7) positive coping skills

(8) positive problem-solving skills

(9) positive therapeutic relationship with psychiatrist or counsellor


The risk for suicide declines as the number of protective factors increase and the number of negative risk factors decrease.

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