Sharief et al reported prognostic factors associated with retinal vasculitis. These can help to identify a patient who may require more aggressive management to improve outcomes. The authors are from Moorfields Eye Hospital, Hawler Medical University and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology.

Patient selection: retinal vasculitis (all causes)


Retinal vasculitis is associated with an increased risk for macular edema and ischemia.


Risk factors for vision loss:

(1) macular ischemia

(2) failure to treat with systemic prednisolone (use associated with reduced risk)


Ischemia involving >= 2 quadrants of the retina is associated with new vessel formation (neovascularization).


Neovascularization is associated with:

(1) recurrent vitreous hemorrhage

(2) traction retinal detachment

(3) rubeosis iridis

(4) neovascular glaucoma

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