Some patients have good outcome following lumbar spine surgery, while others do not. Patients likely to have a bad outcome from surgery should be offered the pain management approach rather than surgical intervention. An initial paper in 1995 listed parameters associated with outcome 12 months after surgery. This was followed in 1996 with a subset of parameters associated with outcome 2 years after surgery.

To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.