The size of a pericardial effusion can be graded based on its echocardiographic features.
Views: parasternal long and short axis views
separation of pericardium layers during both diastole and systole
separation during diastole < 1.0 cm
separation during diastole 1.0 to 2.0 cm
separation during diastole > 2.0 cm
• Grades 1 and 2 may show interobserver variation.
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Purpose: To grade the size of a pericardial infusion on echocardiography.
Objective: imaging studies, criteria for diagnosis, severity, prognosis, stage, complications