Dog bites can cause damage to eyelids, lacrimal glands, ocular muscles and orbital soft tissue. Very rarely a tooth may actually penetrate the globe.

The point of penetration is more often caused by the lower canines along the inferomedial aspect of the globe.


Risk factors

(1) large dog

(2) small victim (child)


Depending on the size of the perforation or laceration there may be:

(1) loss of vitreous fluid

(2) hyphema

(3) loss of or damage to the crystalline lens

(4) prolapse of iris and ciliary body



(1) endophthalmitis

(2) loss of visual acuity or blindness

(3) retinal detachment

(4) need to enucleate the eye

To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.