Trichomonads can be present in the oral cavity as a commensal organism.
Usual species: Trichomonas tenax (previously T. buccalis)
Modes of spread:
(1) saliva and droplet spray
(3) contaminated water
(4) use of contaminated dishes and glasses
Entamoeba gingivalis is often found in patients with Trichomonas tenax.
Conditions associated with proliferation:
(1) poor dentition
(2) poor oral hygiene
Concurrent findings may include:
(1) chronic tonsillitis
(2) involvement of a salivary gland duct or gland
(3) presence of Candida species or other fungi (trichomonosomycosis)
Complications may include pulmonary trichomoniasis following aspiration.
To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.
Specialty: Infectious Diseases, Obstetrics & Gynecology