A cocaine addict may show a number of changes in oral and dental health.




poor dental hygiene

decayed and missing teeth; periodontitis and gingivitis


angular cheilitis and glossodynia

manic brushing and flossing while intoxicated

gingival abrasions or lacerations, typically one-sided (left side if right handed; right side if left handed)

severe bruxism

dental attrition, temporomandibular joint dysfunction, bilateral masseter muscle hypertrophy

concurrent alcohol abuse

parotid gland enlargement

nasal inhalation

mucosal ulceration, nasal septal perforation


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.