A patient with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) may develop a number of ophthalmologic and visual complications. The visual problems may develop concurrently with the other neurologic findings or may precede them by several years.


Changes in the retina:

(1) macular or perimacular edema

(2) chorioretinitis

(3) papillitis

(4) papilledema

(5) white retinal infiltrates


Changes in the optic nerve:

(1) optic atrophy


Changes in the brain affecting vision:

(1) cortical blindness

(1a) without denial of blindness

(1b) with denial of blindness (Anton's syndrome)


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.