Takayasu arteritis may affect vision and the eyes in several ways.
Takayasu arteritis can result in:
(1) ischemic retinopathy, which may be unilateral or bilateral
(2) ischemic optic neuropathy
(3) infarction of the visual pathways, which may be associated with vertebrobasilar ischemia
(4) thrombosis of vessels in and around the eyes
(5) aneurysms of arteries supplying the eyes
(6) Coats disease
(7) severe retro-orbital pain
(9) iris neovascularization
(10) neovascular glaucoma
Treatment with corticosteroids can have a number of additional adverse effects such as cataract formation.
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