The term “neutropenic diet” covers a range of diets for patients made neutropenic by chemoradiation..
The neutropenic diet is intended to avoid infection for a patient made neutropenic during cancer therapy.
At one end of the spectrum is the absolute neutropenic diet that is highly restrictive with diet strictly controlled. At the end is the permissive neutropenic diet that allows certain foods within reason.
fresh fruits and vegetables
permitted if selected and cleaned carefully
foods brought in from home or restaurant
not permitted or restricted
permitted but avoids unrefrigerated leftovers
foods containing potential pathogens
prepared luncheon meat
heated to appropriate internal temperatures
Potential pathogens include:
(2) Vibrio cholerae and related species
(5) pathogenic E. coli
Foods not permitted:
(1) raw eggs
(2) raw or undercooked meats
(3) uncooked or undercooked seafood
(4) unpasteurized milk
The absolute neutropenic diet did not prevent major infection or death when compared to a more permissive diet.
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Specialty: Nutrition, Hematology Oncology