Protein C is a natural anticoagulant. Neonates with severe deficiency of protein C may present with purpura fulminans.
Clinical features of purpura fulminans:
(1) abrupt onset of ecchymoses
(2) widespread thrombosis in blood vessels
(4) skin and organ necrosis
(6) thrombocytopenia with laboratory findings of DIC
Features of the protein C deficiency:
(1) The patient will have a marked deficiency of protein C (< 1% of normal), usually associated with a homozygous or double heterozygous deficiency.
(2) The parents are heterozygous for the protein C defect.
(3) Consanguinity may be present in the family.
The patient may have recurrent episodes of purpura fulminans and/or deep vein thrombosis unless anticoagulation therapy is given.
(1) DIC due to other cause
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Specialty: Hematology Oncology, Clinical Laboratory