Hummel and Puchalski developed the Neonatal Pain, Agitation and Sedation Scale (N-PASS) to evaluate the level of sedation and pain in a neonate in the intensive care unit (ICU). This can help to identify an infant who may require therapy and as a guide to therapy once started. The authors are from Loyola University Medical Center in Maywood, Illinois, and Elmhurst Memorial Healthcare in Elmhurst, Illinois.

To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.