Rarely a neonate or young infant may present with mastitis.
Pathogenesis: Neonatal breast enlargement (gynecomastia) may develop secondary to prolactin secretion by the pituitary in response to falling estrogen levels. Obstruction of breast ducts may be followed by local infection.
(1) mastitis (with erythema, swelling and pain) and/or breast abscess
(2) axillary lymphadenopathy
It is more common in females.
Causative pathogens include:
(1) Staphylococcus aureus
(2) Group B streptococci
(3) Gram-negative enteric bacteria
(4) anaerobic organisms
Aggressive antibiotic therapy is effective if started immediately upon diagnosis. An abscess may require incision and drainage.
Less than 2% of patients develop sepsis, shock or necrotizing infection (Kaplan).
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