Meigs originally described a group of findings seen in women with ovarian fibromas. The occurrence of similar findings with other ovarian tumors is referred to as pseudo-Meigs syndrome.

Classic Meigs syndrome:

(1) ovarian fibroma

(2) ascites

(3) pleural effusion


One variation is the presence of pericardial effusion as well.


Tumors associated with pseudo-Meigs syndrome include:

(1) struma ovarii (mature teratoma)

(2) Sertoli cell tumor

(3) leiomyoma

(4) granulosa cell tumor

(5) carcinoid tumor

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