Forceps delivery is associated with a number of potential complications for the mother. This form of delivery should only be used when the benefits outweigh the risks.


Patient selection: mother undergoing forceps delivery


Complications include:

(1) perineal lacerations

(2) perineal pain

(3) vaginal lacerations

(4) vaginal hematoma

(5) anal sphincter injury

(6) disorder of urination (incontinence or retention)


It may also contribute to pelvic organ prolapse due to muscle trauma.


Some of these complications are transient. The rate of these complications after forceps delivery may not be greater than the rate for other modes of delivery.


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