Constipation can be reduced or eliminated by identifying and treating the causes.


General interventions:

(1) Ensure that the patient is well-hydrated.

(2) Avoid foods associated with constipation.

(3) Eat a diet rich in fiber.

(4) Use a bulk-forming agent such as psyllium.

(5) Encourage mobility.

(6) Adequately treat underling diseases (endocrine, gastrointestinal, other).


Medication-related interventions:

(1) Avoid drugs associated with constipation if possible.

(2) Use the lowest possible dose of constipating agents.

(3) Consider changing to a non-constipating alternative.

(4) For opioid analgesics, alternate routes and agents.

(5) Consider use of a laxative.


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