An anti-personnel land mine can be a devastating instrument of war and terror.


Physical injuries:

(1) mangling of the lower (or upper) extremity, typically requiring amputation of the foot and lower leg

(2) secondary to blast injury or penetrating missiles (shrapnel, stone, wood, even bone)

(2a) genitals

(2b) upper limbs and opposite leg

(2c) pelvis and abdomen

(2d) chest

(2e) face



(1) hemorrhage with risk of exsanguination

(2) contaminated wounds with infection

(3) psychological terror, with risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

(4) tetanus

(5) regional economic devastation

(6) stump problems (pain, skin changes, etc)

(7) individual work disability


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