Maki and Ringer identified risk factors for phlebitis in patients with a peripheral venous catheter. This can help identify patients who may be at greater risk for phlebitis and who may benefit from closer monitoring or a change in catheter placement. The authors are from the University of Wisconsin.


Risk factors for phlebitis:

(1) material (Teflon)

(2) insertion in the Emergency Department, operating room or under emergency circumstances

(3) female gender

(4) duration of catheter placement > 48 hours

(5) infusing antibiotics

(6) location in upper extremity (hand best place, forearm worst)

(7) person predisposed to infection

(8) history of phlebitis with a previous catheter

(9) presence of local infection involving the catheter


Factors reducing the risk of phlebitis

(1) insertion and maintenance by an experienced intravenous therapy team


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