Infants and young children at risk for postanesthetic apnea can be identified based on certain clinical findings. A child at increased risk should be monitored more closely following the use of anesthesia.


Infants at risk

(1) full-term infants < 4 weeks of age

(2) premature infants:

(2a) with hematocrit < 30%

(2b) postconceptual age < 44 weeks (equivalent to the full-term infant < 4 weeks of age)

(3) an infant who has survived a near-miss episode of SIDS

(4) an infant who is on apnea monitors at home

(5) an infant who have experienced apnea within 1 month prior to anesthesia

(6) an infant who is receiving respiratory stimulants (caffeine, theophilline)


To read more or access our algorithms and calculators, please log in or register.