Surgical removal of a ureteral stone is usually reserved for special situations and not as a first-line treatment.
Indications for surgical removal of ureteral stones:
(1) salvage therapy when other methods of stone removal have failed
(2) multiple ureteral stones that will not pass
(3) a large, impacted stone
(4) need for intra-abdominal or pelvic surgery for another reason
Laparoscopy is preferred over open surgery since trauma to the patient is less.
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Specialty: Nephrology, Clinical Laboratory